Wherever possible, investigate the area on foot. 'You should always know what’s on the other side of the hill.' Remember your approach angle: Is the wheel or nose going to hit the ground first?
Approach the hill straight on rather than diagonally to avoid a roll. Use the highest gear in which the vehicle will ‘pull’ comfortably.
Never attempt to turn your 4x4 on a steep slope.
Be prepared for a failed climb, it happens to the best drivers. Work out an escape route and take note of where the obstacles are.
Stop one vehicle-length before the descent so you have enough time to make any corrections. Remember your departure angle: Is the back of your vehicle going to hit the ground? Choose the lowest gear possible and select Hill Descent Control (HDC) if available.
If using HDC, try to keep your foot away from the pedal and avoid the temptation to brake. If you do need to brake, apply progressive rather than strong pressure. If you don’t have HDC, just use your lowest gear.
Follow the natural fall line the route water would take down the slope and keep your wheels straight. If the vehicle starts to slide, increase throttle to match the ground speed and regain steering control.
If driving a manual, never roll or reverse downhill in neutral or with the clutch depressed. And never turn your 4x4 on a steep slope, as it could lead to sideways sliding.
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